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Leptospira interrogans

Leptospira interrogans - Wikipedi

  1. L. interrogans. Leptospira interrogans is a Gram negative, obligate aerobe spirochete, with periplasmic flagella. When viewed through a dark-field microscope, it often resembles a question mark, and this gives the species its name. It is a member of the genus Leptospira
  2. Leptospira interrogans is a gram negative obligate aerobe. This bacterium is motile and has a spiral or helical shape like other spirochetes (1). It has an optimum temperature of 30 degrees Celsius and an optimum pH of 7.4. L. interrogans has a variety of hosts and occurs in many different regions
  3. Preferred Scientific Name. Leptospira interrogans. Taxonomic Tree. Domain: Bacteria. Phylum: Spirochaetes. Class: Spirochaetes [class] Order: Spirochaetales. Family: Leptospiraceae. Diseases
  4. Leptospira interrogans is a member of the class Spirochaetes order Spirochaetales and the family Leptospiraceae. There are two species of Leptospira; L. interrogans are the pathogenic species and are the causative agents of leptospirosis or Weil’s disease whereas L. biflexa is sprophytic in nature
  5. Leptospira interrogans MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET - INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES SECTION I - INFECTIOUS AGENT NAME: Leptospira interrogans SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Leptospirosis, Weil's disease, Canicola fever, Hemorrhagic jaundice, Mud fever, Read Mor
  6. ated water, infected urine or animal tissues. Ingestion is considered to be less important

Leptospira interrogans - microbewik

Treatment of Leptospira interrogans (Leptospirosis) Antimicrobial therapy is the mainstay of treatment of leptospirosis. Oral doxycycline is the drug of choice for treatment of uncomplicated Leptospira infection. Intravenous penicillin or ampicillin is recommended for hospitalized patients Leptospirosis is caused by a bacterium called Leptospira interrogans. The organism is carried by many animals and lives in their kidneys. It ends up in soil and water through their urine

Leptospira interrogans es una bacteria espiroqueta patogénica perteneciente al género Leptospira, del filo de las eubacterias. Dentro de este filo, el género Leptospira es el único con representantes patógenos capaces de causar infecciones en mamíferos Leptospira interrogans causes leptospirosis. This disease is a zoonosis affecting many animal species and it can be transmitted to humans. These agents of disease, called leptospires, are a type of spirochetes, highly motile cylindrical cell bodies that grow in presence of oxygen and use axial filament rotation for motility (see Figure 1) Leptospira are tightly coiled, aerobic, Gram-negative, flagellated spirochetes belonging to the genera Leptospira, family Leptospiraceae, phylum, Spirochaetes (Boone et al., 2001). Before 1989, the genus, Leptospira , was divided into two species, L. interrogans (pathogenic) and L. biflexa (non-pathogenic) which each contained strains separated into numerous serovars ( Levett, 2001 ) Leptospira interrogans, the causative agent of leptospirosis, consists of numerable serotypes capable of causing a variety of disease manifestations in a wide range of hosts. This motile and flagellated spirochete bacterium is recognizable via microscopy and earned its name from a characteristic hooked appearance tha Leptospira interrogans Referencia cruzada/ sinónimos Leptospirosis, Enfermedad de Weil, Fiebre canicola, Ictericia hemorrágica, Ictericia infecciosa, Fiebre de los pantanos, Enfermedad de los porqueros, Fiebre pretibial o del Fuerte Bragg, Fiebre de los siete días

Leptospira, together with the genera Leptonema and Turneria, is a member of the family Leptospiraceae. The genus Leptospira is divided into 20 species based on DNA hybridization studies. Pathogenic Leptospira. Leptospira alstonii Smythe et al. 2013 [Leptospira alstoni Haake et al. 1993] Leptospira interrogans (Stimso Leptospira interrogans is a bacterial species that contains over 200 pathogenic serovars. These pathogenic bacteria, commonly referred to as Leptospires, are the infectious agents that cause the zoonotic disease Leptospirosis. This disease is known to affect both humans and animals

Name: Leptospira interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 (Approved Lists 1980) Category: Species. Proposed as: comb. nov. Basonym: Spirochaeta interrogans Stimson 1907. Etymology: L. part. adj. interrogans, asking, inquiring, interrogating, here meaning shaped like a question mark . Gender: feminin Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by pathogenic Leptospira species. To date, the genus Leptospira contains 64 species isolated from human, animals and environments. Identification of Leptospira species causing human leptospirosis is important to decipher the epidemiology and transmission pattern of this disease. In our study, we identified Leptospira interrogans, Leptospira kirschneri.

Leptospira interrogans è un batterio il cui nome deriva dalla combinazione della parola greca λεπτος, leptos, sottile, e della parola latina spira, con lo stesso significato dell'italiano spira; In base alla classificazione classica, su base fenotipica-­antigenica, al genere Leptospira appartengono due specie: interrogans e biflexa Leptospira interrogans and Leptospira kirschneri were identified as the dominant Leptospira species causing human leptospirosis in Central Malaysia. The existence of novel clinically important ST 265 (infecting human), that is different from rodent L. interrogans strains cautions reservoir(s) of the The adhesion of pathogenic Leptospira to host cells, and to extracellular matrix (ECM) components, is likely to be necessary for the ability of leptospires to penetrate, disseminate and persist in mammalian host tissues. Previous work demonstrated that pathogenic L. interrogans binds to host cells more efficiently than to ECM

Leptospira interrogans is a specific species of Leptospira bacteria. Certain versions of this species, known as serovars, are pathogenic, while others are harmless. First discovered in 1907, the pathogenic serovars, Canicola and Icterohaemorrhagiae, are consistently misdiagnosed because of the ambiguous symptoms that crop up after infection Classis: Spirochaetia. Ordo: Leptospirales. Familia: Leptospiraceae. Genus: Leptospira. Species: Leptospira interrogans. Subspecies: Leptospira interrogans serovar Hardjo - Leptospira interrogans serovar Hardjo-prajitno - Leptospira interrogans serovar Copenhageni - Leptospira interrogans serovar Pomona - Leptospira interrogans serovar Lai -. Leptospira species colonize a significant proportion of rodent populations worldwide and produce life-threatening infections in accidental hosts, including humans. Complete genome sequencing of Leptospira interrogans serovar Copenhageni and comparative analysis with the available Leptospira interrog current name. Leptospira interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Faine and Stallman 1982, nom. approb. 1) type strain of Leptospira interrogans: personal::RGA, ATCC :43642, not ATCC 23581. homotypic synonym

›Leptospira icteroides Noguchi 1919 ›Spirochaeta biflexa Wolbach and Binger 1914 ›Spirochaeta icterogenes Uhlenhuth and Fromme 1916 ›Spirochaeta icterohaemorrhagiae Inada et al. 1916 ›Spirochaeta interrogans Stimson 1907 More Tassonomia. Leptospira, insieme ai generi Leptonema e Turneria, appartiene alla famiglia delle Leptospiraceae.. Il genere è diviso in 20 specie in base a studi sul DNA come segue: . Specie patogeniche: Leptospira interrogans Leptospira kirschneri Leptospira noguchi Leptospira este un gen de bacterii ce cuprinde un număr relativ mic de specii, atât patogene cât și saprofite. Prima specie de Leptospira a fost L. interrogans (Spirochaeta interrogans), descrisă în anul 1907, izolată din rinichii bolnavilor de leptospiroză. Genul este divizat în 20 de genomospecii, utilizând hibridizarea ADN Species: Leptospira interrogans; Diseases Table Top of page. leptospirosis. Distribution Table Top of page. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the. Leptospirosis is a global public health problem, primarily in the tropical developing world. The pathogenic mechanisms of the causative agents, several members of the genus Leptospira, have been underinvestigated. The exception to this trend has been the demonstration of the binding of pathogenic leptospires to the extracellular matrix (ECM) and its components. In this work, interactions of.

Leptospira interrogans - CAB

Leptospira interrogans causes a zoonotic disease named Leptospirosis. It is transmitted to humans by direct or indirect contact with water, contaminated by urine of carrier animals (rat and dog). Leptospira enter the body through cuts or abrasions on skin or through mucous membranes of the mouth, nose or conjunctiva Leptospira interrogans. A 40-year-old man presents to the emergency room for fevers, myalgias, jaundice, and some photophobia. He recently returned from a trip to Hawaii, where he spent the majority of his days surfing. He denies having had any mosquito bites. His past medical history includes diabetes mellitus and hypertension Leptospira interrogans the species containing all the pathogenic strains of the genus, which cause leptospirosis. It is divided into serological groups that are in turn separated into serovars. A wide range of wild and domestic animals serve as reservoirs and shed the organisms in their urine Leptospira interrogans kann aufgrund der verschiedenen antigenen Eigenschaften in etwa 290 Serotypen weiter unterteilt werden. Verschiedene Unterarten sind an spezifische Wirte unter den Säugetieren angepasst, wodurch sich Unterschiede in der strukturellen Zusammensetzung der Lipopolysaccharidschicht ergeben Leptospirose er en sykdom som kan forekomme hos ulike dyrearter og hos menneske og som forårsakes av bakterien Leptospira interrogans. Leptospirose er en B-sykdom og forekomst av eller mistanke om leptospirose skal umiddelbart rapporteres til Mattilsynet. Leptospirose kan forekomme spesielt hos importerte hunder. Foto:Colourbox

Access Leptospirosis (Leptospira interrogans) case definitions; uniform criteria used to define a disease for public health surveillance An authentic culture of the Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae RGA strain was submitted by CDC in 1986 and assigned ATCC 43642. Landon and Tang propose to replace ATCC 23581 with ATCC 43642 as the type strain of Leptospira interrogans in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names; opinion pending

Leptospira interrogans: Characteristics, Pathogenesis, Lab

  1. An authentic culture of the Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae RGA strain was submitted by CDC in 1986 and assigned ATCC 43642. Landon and Tang propose to list ATCC 43642 as the type strain of Leptospira interrogans in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names; opinion pending
  2. Leptospira interrogans is an important mammalian pathogen. Transmission from an environmental source requires adaptations to a range of new environmental conditions in the organs and tissues of the infected host. Since many pathogenic bacteria utilize temperature to discern their environment and regulate the synthesis of appropriate proteins, we investigated the effects of temperature on.
  3. Nombre científico: Leptospira interrogans.Nombre común: Leptospira.Estructura: son espiroquetas enrolladas apretadamente, delgadas y flexibles, de 5 a 15μm de longitud, con espirales muy finas de 0.1 a 0.2μm de ancho.Fisiología: microorganismos aerobios obligados, oxidasa positivos y catalasa positivos. Los ácidos grasos insaturados de cadena larga constituyen su principal fuente de.
  4. L. interrogans strain Lai was internalized by human or mouse vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC or EOMA), renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 or TCMK-1) and human fibroblasts (BJ), with maximum intracellular leptospiral numbers at 4 hr post-infection, but the leptospires in mouse fibroblasts (NIH/3T3) continued to increase for longer (Figure 1A and B)
  5. Leptospira interrogans has been transmitted from a rat to a human through biting , and biting is an important mode of rat-to-rat transmission of Seoul hantavirus, another rat-associated pathogen . The potential role of maternal antibody transfer in mediating L. interrogans infection dynamics also deserves consideration..
  6. Media in category Leptospira interrogans The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total

The zoonotic bacterium Leptospira interrogans is the aetiological agent of leptospirosis, a re-emerging infectious disease that is a growing public health concern. Most human cases of. leptospira interrogans spirochetes have a question mark appearance on microscopy yellow water: leptospira interrogans can be found in water contaminated with infected animal urine & is transmitted to pts when swimming in i Eduardo Moreno-Beas, Pedro Abalos, Ezequiel Hidalgo-Hermoso, SEROPREVALENCE OF NINE LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS SEROVARS IN WILD CARNIVORES, UNGULATES, AND PRIMATES FROM A ZOO POPULATION IN A METROPOLITAN REGION OF CHILE , Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 10.1638/2014-0139.1, 46, 4, (774-778), (2015) Type species: Leptospira interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 (Approved Lists 1980) Conduct genome-based taxonomy of genus at TYGS 16S rRNA gene: Analyse FASTA . Effective publication: Noguchi H. SPIROCHAETA ICTEROHAEMORRHAGIAE IN AMERICAN WILD RATS AND ITS RELATION TO THE JAPANESE AND EUROPEAN STRAINS : FIRST PAPER. J Exp.

NOM : Leptospira interrogans SYNONYME OU RENVOI : leptospirose, maladie de Weil, fièvre à canicola, leptospirose ictéro-hémorragique, fièvre des boues, maladie des jeunes porchers CARACTÉRISTIQUES : zoonose bactérienne avec manifestations variables; spirochète, au moins 218 sérovars identifiés répartis en 23 sérogroupes, entre autres hordjo, icterohemorragiae, canicola, autumnalis. Leptospira interrogans is a pathogenic, spirochetal bacterium that is responsible for leptospirosis, an emerging worldwide zoonosis. Leptospires colonize the renal proximal tubules and chronically infect the kidney. Live bacteria are excreted into urine, contaminating the environment. While it is well known that leptospires can persist in the kidneys without signs of disease for several months. Leptospirosis (Leptospira interrogans) 1997 Case Definition Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir. NOTE: A surveillance case definition is a set of uniform criteria used to define a disease for public health surveillance. Surveillance case definitions enable public health officials to classify and count cases consistently across reporting. Leptospira interrogans: a species containing multiple named pathogenic serovars. Causative agent of leptospirosis. It is the type species of the genus Leptospira

Leptospira spp - Ferret

Leptospira interrogans ; Cette espèce inclut toutes les souches pathogènes connues pour l'homme et/ou l'animal. Un caractère spécifique à cette espèce est qu'elle ne se développe pas à 13 °C (contrairement aux deux autres). En outre, cette bactérie est tuée par 250 mcg/ml de 8-azaguanine à la différence de L. biflexa qui y. We used Leptospira interrogans serovar Copenhageni strain Fiocruz L1-130 (Leptospira), culture passage 2 after hamster infection, originally isolated from a patient in Brazil. Leptospira was cultured as previously described ( 11 ) and enumerated by dark-field microscopy (Zeiss USA, Hawthorne, NY) that was confirmed by qPCR (StepOne Plus, Life.

The effect of vaccination against Leptospira interrogans serovar hardjo infection at the time of service con pregnancy rates in dary cows. Vet. Rev. 25(2-3): 271-274, 1994. Donahue, A.E.; Crockett, R.S.; Kalsow, C.M. Association of leptospiral seroreactivity and breed with uveitis and blindness in horses: 372 cases (1986-1993) Leptospira interrogans ist ein Bakterium der Gattung Leptospira.Es handelt sich um ein gramnegatives, etwa 0,1 µm dickes und im Mittelstück schraubenförmig gewundenes Bakterium.Die Länge variiert zwischen 6 und 20 µm. Die Enden sind hakenförmig oder knopfartig verdickt, wodurch Leptospira interrogans einem Kleiderbügel ähnelt. Durch ein axiales kontraktives Element ist L. interrogans.

Leptospira interrogans MSDSonlin

Leptospira interrogans é uma espécie de bactéria espiroqueta, gram-negativa aeróbica obrigatória, com flagelos periplásmicos. Quando vista através de um microscópio óptico se assemelha a um ponto de interrogação, e isso dá a espécie seu nome. Alguns sorovares patogênicos importantes são a Canicola, Icterohaemorrhagiae e. Comparative global proteome analyses were performed on Leptospira interrogans serovar Copenhageni grown under conventional in vitro conditions and those mimicking in vivo conditions (iron limitation and serum presence). Proteomic analyses were conducted using iTRAQ and LC-ESI-tandem mass spectrometry complemented with two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. A total. Leptospira interrogans är typarten inom bakteriesläktet Leptospira. Bakterien är en aerob, gramnegativ spiroket med tunn, spiralliknande form. Den har en längd på ca 7 µm och en bredd på ca 0,1 µm samt kännetecknas av att den har böjda ändar i form av krokar. Leptospira bildar varken sporer eller kapslar RNA was obtained from the pathogen Leptospira interrogans grown at 30°C (optimal in vitro temperature) and 37°C (host temperature) and selectively enriched for 5' ends of native transcripts. A total of 2,865 and 2,866 primary TSS (pTSS) were predicted in the genome of L. interrogans at 30°C and 37°C, respectively Fiche descriptive de 'Leptospira interrogans' de code Sandre '5134'. C'est un(e) Appellation de taxons utilisé(e) dans le Systeme d'Information sur l'Eau français

Leptospirosis | Veterian Key

Pathogenesis and Clinical Manifestations of Leptospira

Nomenclature for Leptospira serovars has changed over the years but now follows a format agreed by the Committee on the Taxonomy of Leptospira in 2002, where the genus and species are stated and italicised followed by the serovar name, which is capitalised but not italicised (for example; Leptospira interrogans serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae. Leptospirosis was mostly diagnosed by serology or MAT; the leptospiral serovar was reported in 3 cases: 1 L interrogans spp Hepdomandis and Canicola , 1 L interrogans serovar Copenhageni , and 2 L interrogans serovar Grippothyposa . Diagnostic criteria for KD were fully met in 7 of the 10 cases (ie, complete KD), whereas 3 had incomplete KD A maioria das pessoas infectadas pela Leptospira interrogans desenvolve manifestações discretas ou não apresenta sintomas da doença.As manifestações da leptospirose, quando ocorrem, em geral aparecem entre 2 e 30 dias após a infecção (período de incubação médio de dez dias).. As manifestações iniciais são febre alta de início súbito, sensação de mal estar, dor de cabeça. Smittestoff og smitteveier. Det er flere varianter av bakterien Leptospira interrogans,og disse har ulike dyrearter som hovedreservoar.. Bakterien skilles ut med urin fra syke dyr og kan smitte ved kontakt med slimhinner i for eksempel øyne, nese og munn og gjennom rifter og sår i huden Leptospirosis is a zoonosis with protean clinical manifestations caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Synonyms for the disease include Weil's disease, Weil-Vasiliev disease, Swineherd's disease, rice-field fever, waterborne fever, nanukayami fever, cane-cutter fever, swamp fever, mud fever, Stuttgart disease, and Canicola.

Leptospira interrogans has been implicated as an etiologic agent in some cases of ERU. Horses experimentally or naturally infected withL. interrogans were shown to develop clinical uveitis 1 to 2 years after infection.1,14 Numerous studies directly connected L. interrogans and ERU by identifying th Leptospirosis is an infectious disease of humans and animals that is caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira (see the image below).It is considered the most common zoonosis in the world and is associated with rodents in settings of poor sanitation, agricultural occupations, and increasingly adventure sports or races involving fresh water, mud, or soil exposure

Leptospira interrogans and Leptospira kirschneri were identified as the dominant Leptospira species causing human leptospirosis in Central Malaysia. The existence of novel clinically important ST 265 (infecting human), that is different from rodent L. interrogans strains cau-tions reservoir(s) of these Leptospira lineages are yet to be identified Implementing simple measures could mitigate environmental contamination, and therefore, reduce the risk of Leptospira interrogans, and other zoonoses transmission, at the animal-environment-human interface. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease of major public health concern in India. Bovines play an important role in maintaining and transmitting.

LEPTOSPIRA

Laboratory diagnosis, treatment and prevention of

  1. Leptospira interrogans is a bacterium that causes a disease called leptospirosis, which has become a public health concern (Sehgal 2000).Due to the wide variety of clinical symptoms, it is often misdiagnosed with other diseases and disorders (Vijayachari et al. 2008; Budihal and Perwez, 2014).It may lead to complications like jaundice, hemorrhage, myocarditis, meningitis and in some cases.
  2. Leptospira interrogans es sensible a la acción de los agentes externos, como la acidez y la deseca-ción, pero puede sobrevivir durante varias sema-nas en agua y terrenos húmedos con pH superior a 7.0. Esta especie no crece a 13o C, ni en pre-sencia de 225/µg/mL de azaguanina, propieda
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Leptospirosis: Cause, Symptoms, Treatment, Preventio

Leptospira interrogans: características, morfologí

Leptospira interrogans Mechanisms of Pathogenicit

Structure and function of the Leptospira interrogans peroxide stress regulator (PerR), an atypical PerR devoid of a structural metal-binding site. Peroxide sensing is essential for bacterial survival during aerobic metabolism and host infection. Peroxide stress regulators (PerRs) are homodimeric transcriptional repressors with each monomer. Leptospira interrogans (Stimson, 1907) Wenyon, 1926 emend. Faine and Stallman, 1982 Taxonomic Serial No.: 524 (Download Help) Leptospira interrogans TSN 524 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Bacteria : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Synonym(s): Common Name(s):. Leptospira interrogans sensu stricto is the main species associated with human leptospirosis. In France, L. interrogans sensu stricto is responsible for about 60% of human cases and for the most severe ones. The intraspecies taxonomy of leptospires is well established and based on antigenic determinants The symptoms developed in the course of acute leptospirosis associated with a new sequence type of Leptospira interrogans. Antibiotic treatment led to rapid amelioration of myasthenia. Leptospirosis is a global zoonotic disease, endemic in tropical areas, and caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira Leptospira (del grec leptos: prim; i del llatí spira: espiral) és un gènere de bacteris de l'ordre de les espiroquetals, que inclou un petit nombre d'espècies patògenes i sapròfits. Les leptospires foren observades per primera vegada el 1907, en teixit de ronyó d'un pacient descrit inicialment com una víctima fatal de febre groga. Leptospira està constituït per espiroquetes flexibles.

Leptospira - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by spirochetes from the genus Leptospira.In the present study, a visual and rapid method for detecting Leptospira interrogans was developed based on multiple cross-displacement amplification (MCDA) and nanoparticle-based lateral flow biosensor (LFB). A set of 10 primers was specifically designed to recognize 10 regions of the lipL 41 gene of L. Structure of Leptospira interrogans LRR protein LIC12234. DOI: 10.2210/pdb4TZH/pdb. Classification: UNKNOWN FUNCTION. Organism (s): Leptospira interrogans. Expression System: Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) Mutation (s): No. Deposited: 2014-07-10 Released: 2015-06-03 Cattle are maintenance hosts for leptospires belonging to serovar hardjo, of which there are two species: Leptospira interrogans serovar hardjo (prajitno) and Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar hardjo (bovis).Clinical signs of hardjo infection include abortion and milk drop syndrome. Whilst there are genetic, epidemiological and pathogenic differences between the two species, the two. Leptospira er en patogen bakterieslægt i gruppen af spirokæter.De aerobe, bevægelige og snoede bakterier er 5-25 μm lange og 0.1 μm i diameter med en bølgelængde på omkring 0.5 μm. Leptospira forårsager sygdomme som Weils sygdom (med gulsot, nyresvigt, lungebetændelse og øget blødningstendens), hjernehindebetændelse (), betændelse i hjertet (perikardit, myocarditis) eller. Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae synonyms, Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae pronunciation, Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae translation, English dictionary definition of Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae. n. An infectious disease of domestic animals, humans, and other.

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